A novel method has been developed for the separation of bioproducts from yeast cells. The method uses a combination of physical, chemical, and biological agents such as lytic enzymes, osmotic supports, and spheroplast stabilizers. Using this technique, products (proteins and enzymes) can be released from specific cell locations at different process states; it has thus been celled differential product release (DPR). The wall-associated proteins are released first and the lytic enzyme is removed together with the wall proteins at this stage. Secondly, the cytosol products are released by a mild procedure during which the organelles remained intact. Finally, the organelle proteins are solubilized. In each stage, specific proteins are released while others are kept inside the different cell compartments. This method can be used with relatively high yeast concentrations (up to 145 g dry wt/L) and gives higher product recoveries and much higher selectivity than mechanical disruption.
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