Malignant neoplasm of breast (Total 4588373 Papers Found)

  • Maurice Tubiana,
  • Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • 2009
Second primary malignancies (SPMs) occurring after oncological treatment have become a major concern during the past decade. Their incidence has long been underestimated because most patients had a short life expectancy after treatment or their follow-up was shorter than 15 years. With major improvement of long-term survival, longer follow-up, cancer registries and end-result programs, it was found that the cumulative incidence of SPM could be as high as 20% of patients treated by radiotherapy. ...
Intratumoral hypoxia, a frequent finding in metastatic cancer, results in the activation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). HIFs are implicated in many steps of breast cancer metastasis, including metastatic niche formation through increased expression of lysyl oxidase (LOX) and lysyl oxidase-like (LOXL) proteins, enzymes that remodel collagen at the metastatic site and recruit bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) to the metastatic niche. We investigated the effect of two chemically and mechanist ...
BACKGROUND Following treatment for primary breast cancer, annual mammography and regular clinical breast examination is advised. The aim of this study was to investigate whether annual mammography resulted in an improvement in stage of contralateral breast cancers compared with mammography performed at a longer interval. METHODS This was a retrospective analysis of patients treated for breast cancer, who developed a contralateral breast cancer between 1977 and 1998. Patients were stratified in ...
A retrospective study was performed to determine the value of pathological evaluation of inked primary tumor specimen margins in the local control of patients with stage I and II breast cancer. In 150 patients with 153 invasive breast cancers, treatment involved surgical resection of the primary tumor, pathological determination of tumor-free inked specimen margins, and 5000 cGy whole breast radiation therapy (RT) without tumor bed RT local boost. This approach yielded an actuarial five-year loc ...
Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) often suffer from menopausal symptoms induced by systemic treatments, with a consequent negative effect on quality of life. Since the introduction of aromatase inhibitors as the standard therapy for hormone-dependent tumors, genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) has become a main problem for BCSs. This new terminology refers to the wide range of vaginal and urinary symptoms related to menopause, which can be relieved by estrogen therapy. Unfortunately, systemic ...
AIM To analyze the results of the first cycle of mammography screening during implementation of the National Program for Early Breast Cancer Detection (National Program) for women aged 50-69 in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County (DNC) in the 2006-2009 period, and to present new cases of breast cancer among women undergoing screening. METHODS Data were collected from the DNC Institute of Public Health database. Mammography results were classified according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data Sys ...
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women and the presence of metastasis significantly decreases survival. MicroRNAs are involved in tumor progression and the metastatic spreading of breast cancer. Here, we reported that a microRNA, mmu-miR-1894, significantly decreased the lung metastasis of 4TO7 mouse breast cancer cells by 86.7% in mouse models. Mmu-miR-1894-3p was the functional mature form of miR-1894 and significantly decreased the lung metastasis of 4TO7 cells by ...
This article discusses the impact of surgery-related factors on the outcome of breast cancer patients and the experience of the EORTC in assessing the quality of breast cancer surgery. Furthermore an overview is given of the surgical quality control in the EORTC-AMAROS trial NR 10981. ...
Breast reduction surgery is one of the most popular procedures performed by plastic surgeons; based on the current literature, it is safe and does not have a negative impact on identifying breast cancer in women. There are no evidence-based data to confirm the utility of unique screening protocols for women planning to undergo reduction surgery or for those who already had reduction. Women undergoing this surgery should not deviate from the current recommendations of screening mammography in wom ...
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents about 15% to 20% of all breast cancers and is typically associated with poorer outcome than other breast cancer subtypes. The heterogeneity of this breast cancer subtype and present lack of clinically established targeted therapies further complicates treatment of patients. The treatment of TNBC emphasizes enhancing health care and developing personalized medicine. To respond to this need, the researchers have turned their attention to a different ...
Cytochrome P450 aromatase is a key steroidogenic enzyme that converts androgens to estrogens in vertebrates. There is much interest in aromatase inhibitors (AIs) both because of their use as pharmaceuticals in the treatment of estrogen-sensitive breast cancers, and because a number of environmental contaminants can act as AIs, thereby disrupting endocrine function in humans and wildlife through suppression of circulating estrogen levels. The goal of the current work was to develop a mechanism-ba ...
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) plays an important role in cell growth, proliferation, and metabolism. Some studies have associated phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR) expression with worse outcome in breast cancers. However, the significance of p-mTOR expression specifically in triple negative breast carcinoma (TNBC) is unknown. In this study, p-mTOR expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 172 TNBCs and the result was correlated with clinicopathologic variables and disease outcome ...
PURPOSE To investigate the correlation between enhancement patterns and parameters of contrast material-enhanced ultrasonography (US) with prognostic factors in breast cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained. Surgical resection specimens of 74 malignant breast lesions in 74 women (mean age, 55 years; age range, 32-78 years) who had undergone contrast-enhanced US were included. Different contrast enha ...
To date, a great number of studies have demonstrated that altered expression of kinesins is associated with development and progression of various human cancers. Kinesin family member 26B (KIF26B), a member of the kinesin superfamily proteins (KIFs), is essential for kidney development. However, the role of KIF26B during tumorigenesis and progression is limited. Here, we demonstrate that both KIF26B mRNA and protein are overexpression in breast cancer tissues by RT-qPCR and western blot. Immunoh ...
Combined treatment with three or five chemotherapeutic drugs was given to 115 women with metastasizing breast cancer. These were unselected cases. Three drugs (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and prednisone) were given to 49 patients, with remissions occurring in 28, arrest in a further five. Five drugs (additional to the three mentioned ones: vincristine and 5-fluorouracil) were given to 66, with remission in 45 and arrest of the disease in another eight. There was no certain difference between ...
In October 2015, the American Cancer Society (ACS) updated its evidence-based breast cancer screening guidelines for women at average risk for breast cancer. These guidelines introduced significant changes to the age to begin breast cancer screening, as well as the frequency between screenings and duration of screening. Not long afterward, in January 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force released its updated breast cancer screening guidelines, which differ from those of the ACS. The vary ...
Estrogen receptor-negative breast cancers generally are highly malignant, resistant to chemotherapy and poorly prognostic. Here we demonstrate that estrogen receptor-negative human breast cancer cell lines highly express Fra-1, c-Fos and c-Jun, components of the transcription factor, activator protein-1 (AP-1). Retrospective observation of breast cancer tissues obtained by core needle biopsy before surgery from stages II and III patients demonstrates that Fra-1 expression is high in estrogen rec ...
Context. p53 mutation is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. Mutations in different structural and functional domains of p53 have different effects on its biological activities. Nevertheless, few studies have examined the full spectrum of p53 gene mutations in relation to breast cancer survival. Objective. To evaluate the prognostic significance of the types, localizations, and multiplicity of p53 gene mutations in breast cancer patients. Design, setting, and participants. ...
The early detection of breast cancer, the most common malignant tumor disease in women worldwide, relies on mammography and self breast examination. Here we evaluated the concentration of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) in serum and their expression in breast tissues associated with the clinicopathological features of patients with benign and malignant breast tumors. The immunohistochemi ...
the reduction in the use of hormone replacement therapy, and the immediacy of the effect suggests the disappearance of established subclinical cancers rather than the prevention of new cancers 23–25. The complementary observations concerning the immediate effects of tamoxifen chemoprevention and hormone replacement withdrawal suggest that a slowly growing er-positive cancer might be induced to regress based on the sudden removal of an estro-genic signal. We question whether that paradigm is re ...
To improve access for patients to the Breast Cancer Center at Roswell Park Cancer Institute, the Opportunities for Improvement Project team defined 3 goals: reduce the delay to initial appointment, reduce delays in treatment at the Breast Cancer Center, and reduce delays in the start of endocrine therapy. The team developed a set of tools using Lean methodology that helped to address variables contributing to inefficiencies that result in delays. The idea behind these tools was to integrate all ...
Computeraided diagnosis of breast cancer is an important medical approach. In this research paper, we focus on combining two major methodologies, namely fuzzy base systems and the evolutionary genetic algorithms and on applying them to the Saudi Arabian breast cancer diagnosis database, to aid physicians in obtaining an earlycomputerized diagnosis and hence prevent the development of cancer through identification and removal or treatment of premalignant abnormalities; early detection can also im ...
As determined by reversed-phase liquid-solid extraction, concentration of total phosphatidylcholines in the serum of 53 patients with mammary cancer was significantly (P<0.003) increased to 2.24 +/- 0.59 mg/ml when compared with the normal value of 1.86 +/- 0.36 mg/ml. In 31 fractions of their individual molecular species separated by high-performance liquid chromatography there was a shift to compounds composed of longer fatty acids that were significantly more abundant than in normal serum. ...
The present paper analyses the epidemiologic effects of mass breast cancer screening. Mass mammography may possibly achieve a breast cancer mortality reduction in relative risk terms. However, this does not necessarily represent a net benefit. It is argued that the benefits and adverse effects of a screening programme must be measured in terms of absolute risks. According to this measure, the mortality reduction achieved by a mass breast screening programme is only one death per approx. 15,000 w ...
Purpose. To evaluate the patterns of failure, relapse-free survival and overall survival among African American breast cancer patients younger than 40 years. Patients and methods. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 124 African American breast cancer patients younger than 40 years who were registered with the Howard University Cancer Center Database between 1990 and 1999. One hundred and six patients were found eligible and subsequently included in this analysis. Ninety-eight percent of t ...
AIMS Sweden has a long history of population-based cancer registration. The aim of our study was to assess the validity of DCIS registration in a regional Breast Cancer Quality Register (BCQR) and to analyze trends in incidence, treatment and outcome of DCIS, over a 20-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS All patients with a diagnosis of primary DCIS reported in the BCQR of the Uppsala-Örebro healthcare region in Sweden 1992-2012 were included. Three hundred women were randomly selected and thei ...
Selection of breast carcinoma therapy is based on standard prognostic markers, such as tumor size, infiltration of regional lymph nodes, tumor grade, and expression of hormonal receptors. Insufficient treatment results stimulate a search for new markers which may lead to a more precise characterization of these tumors and to a more effective treatment. In our study we determined essential clinical and histopathological characteristics of non-metastasizing breast cancer - primary tumor size, invo ...
An estrogen-responsive murine Leydig cell tumor (M5480A) was examined for the presence of cross-reactive proteins to a monoclonal antibody directed against a M, 24,000 estrogenregulated protein in human breast cancer cells. Human breast tumor biopsies were used as controls for the cytosol prepara tions, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and Western blot conditions used in these experiments. The estrogen-regulated M, 24,000 protein was detected in sodium dodecyl sulfate-p ...
Estrogen and dihydrotestosterone receptors were detected by agar gel electrophoresis in 224 human mammary tumor biopsies. Approximately half of the tumor specimens revealed measurable amounts of estradiol receptors, whereas only 20% contained dihydrotestosterone receptors. The average concentration of spare estrogetmenopausal than in the premenopausal group, but this was not found to be the case for androgen receptors. The findings presented are discussed with regard to the clinical relevance of ...
Intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS)-guided lumpectomy in early breast cancer has shown advantages over other techniques. However, the use of IOUS has been less explored after neoadjuvant treatment (NAT). This study aimed to compare IOUS- and wire localization (WL)-guided surgery in breast cancer patients after NAT. The study enrolled patients treated with NAT who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS) between July 2008 and December 2012. For the patients with a hydrogel marker or residual tumor ...
In the mouse, retrovirus B and C are causal agents of mammary cancer and leukemia, respectively. In previous work it was demonstrated that sera of leukemia-lymphoma patients possess antibodies which react with antigenic determinants of Type C virus present on AKR-lymphoma and AKR-thymus targets. The object of this paper was to determine whether these antibodies also reacted with Type B viral antigens present on a virus-induced BALB-mammary carcinoma; at the same time a comparative study was carr ...
Purpose: Dual blockade of HER2 with trastuzumab and lapatinib or with pertuzumab is a superior treatment approach compared with single-agent HER2 inhibitors. However, many HER2-overexpressing breast cancers still escape from this combinatorial approach. Inhibition of HER2 and downstream phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT causes a transcriptional and posttranslational upregulation of HER3 which, in turn, counteracts the antitumor action of the HER2-directed therapies. We hypothesized that suppr ...
From 1977 to 1984, 552 breast cancers in 548 women were treated with definitive irradiation following breast-conserving surgery at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Fox Chase Cancer Center. All patients had invasive carcinoma and were AJC clinical Stage I or II. Pathologic axillary lymph node staging was known for all cases. The 5-year actuarial survival for the entire group was 93% with an NED survival of 81%. The 5-year survival for clinical Stage I and II patients was 97 ...
In addition to classic genetic mechanisms such as deletions and mutations, growth regulatory genes can be inactivated via methylation of cytosine-residues in their promoter regions. Hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands is now recognized as an important and early event in carcinogenesis. Detection of methylated DNA in serum or plasma has been suggested to be a marker for early cancer development. We examined methylation changes in RASSF1A, a growth regulatory gene in plasma DNA from blood col ...
The association between weight, BMI and breast cancer was analyzed on 94,805 women of the E3N cohort according to their menopausal status. Seven hundred eighty-six incident invasive premenopausal breast cancers and 1,522 incident invasive postmenopausal breast cancers occurred during a mean follow-up of 9.7 years. Weight and BMI were updated every 24 months and considered as time-dependent variables. Data were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. Trend RRs of premenopausa ...
To test the Hispanic and Immigrant Paradoxes-i.e., survival advantages despite a worse risk factor profile-and the modifying role of neighborhood context, we examined associations between patient ethnicity, birthplace, neighborhood Hispanic density and neighborhood poverty among 166,254 female breast cancer patients diagnosed 1995-2009 in Texas, U.S. Of all, 79.9% were non-Hispanic White, 15.8% Hispanic U.S.-born, and 4.2% Hispanic foreign-born. We imputed birthplace for the 60.7% of Hispanics m ...
OBJECTIVE To determine current practice of follow-up of Norwegian gynecological cancer patients, and to review available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in gynecologic, breast and colorectal cancer patients in order to discuss whether such studies are feasible in gynecological cancer patients. DESIGN A combined questionnaire study and a systematic review of RCTs in follow-up of gynecological, breast, and colorectal cancers. POPULATION Gynecological, breast, and colorectal cancer patients ...
Breast cancers differ in response to treatment and may have a divergent clinical course despite having a similar histopathological appearance. New technology using DNA microarrays provides a systematic method to identify key markers for prognosis and treatment response by profiling thousands of genes expressed in a single cancer. Microarray profiling of 38 invasive breast cancers now confirms striking molecular differences between ductal carcinoma specimens and suggests a new classification for ...
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. Until recently, most breast cancer research was published in clinical and other specialized medical journals. The recent emergence of effective communication networks and influential advocacy organizations has led to increases in funding for breast cancer research, with the result that research fronts in social as well as medical aspects of breast cancer are rapidly expanding. The five breast cancer articles in this issue of Women & Healt ...
GRUNDLAGEN: Brustkrebs gehört zu den häufigsten bösartigen Erkrankungen bei Frauen. METHODIK: Literaturübersicht der Richtlinien zum Management des Mammakarzinoms. ERGEBNISSE: Obwohl die Inzidenz des Mammakarzinoms in Österreich stetig zunimmt, ist die Mortalität der Erkrankung in den letzten 30 Jahren deutlich gesunken. Die verbesserten Überlebensraten sind vor allem auf standardisierte Behandlungsrichtlinien zurückzuführen. Wir präsentieren internationale Richtlinien für die Behandl ...
The current article discusses the author's study of the evolution of the subjective perception of the relationship between physicians and breast cancer patients during recent decades. The article is based on 18 testimonials, mainly autobiographies dating from 1975-2008, which provide relevant information about the psychological experience of breast cancer care. The pathographies show that many patients nowadays still have an intensely negative perception of their therapeutic interactions with he ...
The majority of metastatic breast cancers cannot be cured and present a major public health problem worldwide. Approximately 70% of breast cancers express the estrogen receptor, and endocrine-based therapies have significantly improved patient outcomes. However, the development of endocrine resistance is extremely common. Understanding the molecular pathways that regulate the hormone sensitivity of breast cancer cells is important to improving the efficacy of endocrine therapy. It is becoming cl ...
The binding characteristics of several cytotoxic analogs of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) developed in our laboratory were examined in membranes from human breast cancer and estrogen independent MXT mammary cancer. Specific binding of [125I]D-Trp6-LH-RH and the cytotoxic LH-RH analog [125I]T-98 ([D-Lys6]LH-RH coupled to glutaryl-2-(hydroxymethyl)anthraquinone) (HMAQG) was demonstrated in membrane preparations from human breast and MXT mammary tumor cells. Ligand binding of T-98 w ...
Breast-conserving therapy is considered to be the standard treatment for early breast tumors (T1–T2). In up to 82 % of breast-conserving surgery, tumor cells were still found to be present at or near the cut edge of the surgical specimen after surgery. Thus, it is of clinical need to identify tumors at high probability for reexcision in the preoperative setting. A total of 686 patients with invasive or in situ breast cancers and primary breast-conserving surgery were included. In 169 cases (2 ...
We looked for mutations in the caveolin-1 gene, encoding a critical molecule for membrane signaling to cell growth, in 92 primary human breast cancers, and we report here the identification of a mutation in caveolin-1 at codon 132 (P132L) in 16% of cases. The mutation-positive cases were mostly invasive scirrhous carcinomas. In cell lines expressing the same mutant of caveolin-1, we observed that the mutant Caveolin-1 expression seemed to induce cellular transformation and activation of mitogen- ...
  • ,
  • 2011
Mammary cancer is the third most common cancer in the cat. The average age of cats presenting with mammary tumors is 10-12 years. Siamese cats appear to have twice the risk of developing mammary cancers than other breeds. Recent studies suggest that spayed female cats have a 40-60% lower risk of mammary cancer than intact females. There is a strong association with the use of synthetic progestins or estrogenprogestin combinations (i.e. Ovaban) and development of mammary tumors in the cat. Ninety ...
The number of primary care referrals of women with breast symptoms to symptomatic breast units (SBUs) has increased exponentially in the past decade in Ireland. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a clinical prediction rule (CPR) to identify women with breast cancer so that a more evidence based approach to referral from primary care to these SBUs can be developed. We analysed routine data from a prospective cohort of consecutive women reviewed at a SBU with breast symptoms. The dat ...