Self Examination (Total 240336 Papers Found)

BACKGROUND Given that the prevalence of antenatal and postnatal depression is high, with estimates around 13%, and the consequences serious, efforts have been made to identify risk factors to assist in prevention, identification and treatment. Most risk factors associated with postnatal depression have been well researched, whereas predictors of antenatal depression have been less researched. Risk factors associated with early parenting stress have not been widely researched, despite the strong ...
BACKGROUND The present study was conducted to determine knowledge level of technicians working in hospitals about testicular cancer (TC) and self-examination of testicles (TSE) and to determine levels of consciousness and implementation status about TSE. MATERIALS AND METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted with technicians working in hospitals (n=243) between 2nd January-31st May 2012 at private and governmental hospitals in urban Kayseri. Healthy control subjects (n=235) who were si ...
The early detection of breast cancer, the most common malignant tumor disease in women worldwide, relies on mammography and self breast examination. Here we evaluated the concentration of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) in serum and their expression in breast tissues associated with the clinicopathological features of patients with benign and malignant breast tumors. The immunohistochemi ...
BACKGROUND/AIMS It is well known that endoscopic insertion of self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) is safe and effective for the palliative treatment of malignant strictures involving the upper gastrointestinal tract. But, most previous studies focused on stent insertion for esophageal or gastroduodenal obstructions. Only a few cases of stent insertion for recurrent malignant obstruction after gastric cancer surgery have been reported in studies in fewer than 40 patients. The aim of this study ...
On 26 November 2000, the first autochthonous case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was detected in Germany. Since then, a total of 413 BSE cases have been confirmed, resulting in the culling and destruction of 17 313 heads of cattle. In view of the possible risks for human and animal health, Germany has adopted EU regulations along with some additional requirements concerning active surveillance and response measures after detecting a BSE-positive animal. In this study, we used a stocha ...
Self-assessment of health is the one out of the most important characteristics, which gives an idea about the health of the respondent as a psychophysiological continuum. The purpose of this study is to establish the relationship between indices of self-rated health and characteristics of the psychological well-being. Sample 344 young adults - students at an average age of 20.9 ± 1.6 years. Methods. “Self-assessment of health” questionnaire was used; MOSSF36 questionnaire and “Psychologic ...
BACKGROUND Temporary placement of self-expandable stents has been increasingly used for the management of benign esophageal diseases. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety of endoscopic removal of esophageal self-expandable stents placed for the treatment of benign esophageal diseases. DESIGN Multicenter retrospective study. SETTING Six tertiary care centers in the United States and Europe. PATIENTS A total of 214 patients with benign esophageal diseases undergoing endoscopic stent removal. ...
AIM Estimates of malignant melanoma (MM) incidence and prognosis vary widely. The present study was performed to analyze epidemiologic and prognostic aspects of primary MM mainly in relation to tumor thickness. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study on a cohort of 435 patients with diagnosis of primary MM between 1997 and 2011. RESULTS In the period 2009-2011, among the MM diagnosed 50.00% were thin, 32.43% in situ and 17.57% thicker while in 1997-1999 MM>1 mm accounted for 51.61% of ...
BACKGROUND First-degree relatives of individuals diagnosed with melanoma are at increased disease risk. However, many first-degree relatives do not receive a periodic total cutaneous examination from a health care provider or engage in regular skin self-examination. The goal of this study was to identify correlates of total cutaneous examination and skin self-examination intentions among first-degree relatives of melanoma patients, thus providing insight on factors that should be targeted in fut ...
The control problem in ultrasound therapy is to destroy the tumor tissue while not harming the intervening healthy tissue with a desired temperature elevation. The objective of this research is to present a robust and feasible method to control the temperature distribution and the temperature elevation in treatment region within the prescribed time, which can improve the curative effect and decrease the treatment time for heating large tumor (≥2.0cm in diameter). An adaptive self-tuning-regula ...
The regular self-examination of the breast is one of the possibilities to detect breast cancer early. Our aim was to test the sensitivity of the method on rural, poorly informed patients. Almost one fourth of the 90 cancer patients belonged to the self-examination group. 52% of these women had a stage-I tumor. 58% of the women who didn't examine themselves entered hospital with stage-III or stage-IV tumor. In the self-examination group, in 71% of the lymph nodes were negative. This cohort showed ...
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the validity of fruit and vegetable intakes as it relates to plasma carotenoid and vitamin C concentrations in Chinese women, using three classification schemes. DESIGN Intakes were calculated using an interviewer-administered FFQ. Fruits and vegetables, botanical groups and high-nutrient groups were evaluated. These three classification schemes were compared with plasma carotenoid and vitamin C concentrations from blood samples collected within 1 week of questionnaire co ...
Skin self-examination can help patients who are at high risk for developing melanoma to become more involved in their own surveillance and treatment. This study examined the use of total body photography as an aid to skin self-examination from the patients' perspective. A total of 179 individuals at high risk for developing melanoma who had undergone total body photography (60.5% response rate) completed a self-reported questionnaire assessing the frequency of skin self-examination, perceived us ...
Achieving and maintaining a high rate of attendance for screening and two-yearly re-screening is essential for the success of the BreastScreen Australia program. A low participation rate will result in fewer breast cancer-related deaths being prevented. Results of two recent large randomised trials do not show that a systematic approach to breast self examination finds breast cancers early or impacts on survival. "Breast awareness" and the prompt reporting of breast symptoms are important early ...
PURPOSE Self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement is an accepted palliative therapy for management of acute malignant bowel obstruction in advanced colorectal cancer. Nevertheless, data are lacking on the effects of systemic chemotherapy combined with colorectal SEMS. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of palliative chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer combined with colorectal SEMS placement. PATIENTS AND METHODS This multicentre retrospective study i ...
Epidemiological studies conducted in the United Kingdom have revealed the risk factors involved in the epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). This has facilitated a detailed study of risk factors associated with the possible introduction of BSE into Argentina. An analysis has been made of the numbers and geographical distribution of cattle in the country, the structure of the Veterinary Services responsible for controlling animal diseases, the way in which cattle and sheep are slaug ...
Background: Breast self-examination is a simple, very low cost, noninvasive with no special material/tool requirements; and it is an effective diagnostic method for breast cancer which only takes five minutes to apply. Aim of the Study: The study aimed to assess the level of BSE knowledge, attitude, and practice among female nursing students in AAUJ. Subjects and methods: Descriptive, cross sectional study was used for conducting the study, a regular random sample has been used, 97 female nurses ...
The announcement on December 23, 2003 that a dairy cow in the state of Washington was diagnosed as having BSE sent shock waves through the US beef industry. This research uses auction experiments to determine the preand post-BSE effects of traceability and country-of-origin information on US consumer willingness to accept US and Canadian beef. The findings indicate that BSE has likely damaged US consumer demand for Canadian beef more than it has for US beef. The findings also indicate that most ...
This article examines the role of definitional struggles in the science policy interface using the example of the cattle disease bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or mad cow disease in the UK. A central contention is that an explicit focus on definition illuminates the processes by which scientific judgements are made, promoted, communicated, assessed and judged and gives an improved picture of policy making. Neglected areas such as the role of secrecy, public relations and the mass media i ...
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Page 1 of 1 http://e-eht.org/ Asian Citizen’s Center for Environment and Health is an environmental non-governmental organization that specializes in the Environment and Public Health sector. ...
UNLABELLED Skin cancer is less common in persons with skin of color than in light-skinned Caucasians but is often associated with greater morbidity and mortality. Thus, it is crucial that physicians become familiar with skin cancer in persons of color so as to maximize the likelihood of early detection of these tumors. In dark-skinned ethnic groups, squamous cell carcinoma is most common; squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma usually occur on nonsun-exposed sites; and ultraviolet radiation is not ...
To The Editor: A mass in the parotid region or another salivary gland region often presents a diagnostic challenge with regard to its site of origin, biologic behavior and tissue specific diagnosis [1]. Careful history and clinical examination are required with specific reference to the duration of disease [1]. Ultrasound (US) is useful to detect the extend of the mass, to find any cystic changes, and to detect any lymph node enlargement. CT scan and MRI are helpful in suspicious cases and to ru ...
OBJECTIVE To determine the perceptions of healthcare professionals and the general public about the symptoms, diagnosis and available treatment of urological cancers, and thus the perceived value of screening for their early detection. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Two questionnaires were developed, based on semi-structured interviews, and distributed to 288 healthcare professionals, comprising 182 general practitioners (GPs), 56 practice nurses and 50 urology nurses, and to 250 members of the general ...
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine and compare knowledge, behavior and attitudes among female nurses and teachers concerning breast self-examination (BSE). METHODS Two-hundred and eighty nine women working in Aydin, Turkey (125 nurses and 164 teachers) were included in the study. The data were collected using a questionnaire designed to measure the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of t ...
The disparity between women's knowledge and performance of breast self-examination (BSE) remains an unresolved clinical problem. As a screening behavior, BSE raises interesting issues about motivation. Adequate and useful theoretical perspectives are needed to guide research and to explain BSE performance. This article compares three perspectives of relevance to BSE--the health belief model, self-efficacy theory, and self-regulation theory--and cites empirical support in BSE research for each. A ...
Dr. Alyssa R. Letourneau: A 53-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus with associated nephritis and chronic renal insufficiency was seen in the gynecology clinic of this hospital because of pain and a lump in the left breast. The patient had been in her usual health until 4 months before this presentation, when she noted a small, tender lump in the left breast on self-examination. Evaluation by her primary care physician revealed a firm, slightly mobile mass (measuring 5 mm in greatest ...
Corresponding author:Dr. Gaurav Singh,Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh This article may be cited as: Singh G, Singh P Awareness and Knowledge of Oral Cancerin Rural Population. Int J Com Health and Med Res 2017;3(1):72-76 Article Received: 08-02-17 Accepted On: 23-02-2017 NTRODUCTION Oral cancer is a major public health problem worldwide. Oral and pharyngeal cancers grouped together are the sixth most ...
Social desirability responding (SDR) was affected by situation and age. However, most research is only concerned with overall SDR without considering the separation of impression management and self-deception. The purpose of this article is to explore the possible different effects of age and situation on the different components of SDR. A total of 158 teachers completed the BIDR at a 2 (high vs. low SDR situation) x 2 (20-29 vs. 30-39 years old) between-group experiment. The results of multivar ...
Background: The purpose of this study was to use a propensity score-matched analysis to investigate the association between the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) scores and clinical outcomes of patients with isolated moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: The study population comprised 7855 patients aged ≥40 years who were hospitalized for treatment of isolated moderate and severe TBI (an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ≥3 points only in the head and not ...
This study evaluated the knowledge and practice of breast self-examination (BSE), among a sample of educated Iraqi women. The study sample comprised 858 women aged 18-62 years affiliated to 6 major Iraqi universities, categorized according to occupation as teaching staff (11.5%), administrative staff (18.0%) and students (70.5%). Data were collected by a self-completed questionnaire. In all, 93.9% of the women had heard about BSE, the main source of information was television (39.9%), doctors (1 ...
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among Iranian women. Early diagnosis of the disease is vitally important in successful treating of it and reducing its mortality and care-cost burden. In our country, the major causes of mortality and other unfavorable complications of the disease are due to late referring of women. Breast Self -Examination (BSE) is a low-cost, low-risk, self-performed screening, which, according to the evidence from the literature improves the prospects for women's sur ...
A possible diagnosis of breast cancer imposes a huge psychological impact on most women, but few studies have addressed uncertainty and anxiety changes at different diagnostic stages in women with suspected breast cancer. Thus, this longitudinal study examined uncertainty and anxiety and predictive factors for uncertainty in women with suspected breast cancer. Data were collected on uncertainty (Uncertainty in Illness Scale) and anxiety (State Anxiety Inventory) from 127 women at 3 times: upon n ...
The histologic effects of chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for esophageal cancer, which determine the benefit obtained from a salvage operation, are difficult to evaluate preoperatively. We therefore investigated whether or not the morphologic features of esophageal cancer tissue after CRT can be correlated with the histologic features of the tissue. Seventy-six patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma underwent CRT followed by esophagectomy. The effects of CRT were evaluated by his ...
Cancer of the testis is the most common malignancy in men between the ages of 15 and 35, yet it is one of the most curable cancers. The optimistic prognosis that results from early detection and treatment of testicular cancer underscores the critical need for teaching testicular self-examination (TSE). However, an integrative review of the health education literature suggests that the men most susceptible are virtually unaware of the symptoms of testicular cancer and how to detect them. Although ...
The general aim of this research is helping women to perform breast self-examination (BSE) for finding out any abnormality, change, or lump in the breasts. BSE involves checking the breasts for finding abnormalities, lumps, or changes. This paper reports about our initial efforts to detect and track the left and right breasts in real-time imaging. Image frames were processed considering the color information, and integral image processing to segment regions of interest (ROI) according to common ...
  • Nancy S. Redeker,
  • Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN
  • 1989
The relationship of health beliefs, health locus of control, and the frequency of practice of breast self-examination in women was explored through use of a survey. Health beliefs alone and health beliefs combined with internal health locus of control were found to predict the frequency of practice of breast self-examination in a sample of 48 women. The combined variables of health beliefs, internal health locus of control, religion, and occupation explained 80% of the variance in nonpractice an ...
BACKGROUND Sun exposure increases risk of skin cancer, especially melanoma, incidence of which continues to rise. Reported skin cancer knowledge and trends in sun care behaviours are documented in a UK region where there has been 20 years of sun-related health promotion campaigns. METHODS In 2000, 2004 and 2008, a 'care in the sun' module was included in the Northern Ireland (NI) Omnibus survey. Randomly selected subjects were asked to complete a sun-related questionnaire and proportions of re ...