embarrassment (Total 2098 Papers Found)

Objective: To measure patients’ expectations and attitudes about screening flexible sigmoidoscopy and their discomfort during the procedure, and to identify factors affecting compliance among patients scheduled for sigmoidoscopy. Design: Patient survey at the time sigmoidoscopy was ordered and again one week after the procedure was performed. Setting: An academic general internal medicine practice. Patients: 105 consecutive patients scheduled for screening flexible sigmoidoscopy. Main results: ...
INTRODUCTION Men may choose to bypass the healthcare system to obtain a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5i). AIM Evaluate the characteristics and purchasing patterns of men obtaining a PDE5i without prior healthcare professional (HCP) interaction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Prior HCP interaction, defined as having a prescription for any PDE5i, having a PDE5i sample from a physician, or buying the PDE5i in a retail pharmacy; and erectile dysfunction (ED, the Massachusetts Male Aging Study s ...
  • Zhanfei She, Yi Lyu,
  • Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • 2014
Treatment of rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is extremely difficult. Successful performing operation to treat RVF is a major challenge, because recurrence has remained common. RVF has significant negative influence on the patient's quality of life and causes social embarrassment. Up to now, no standard surgical technique is accepted worldwide, no ideal treatment option is suitable for all the patients, and no recommendation of clinical treatment guideline of RVF is available. English literatures were ...
Much information can be obtained about a patient's gastrointestinal and overall nutritional status through stool samples. Important infectious processes and neoplastic processes are initially identified through diagnostic tests and screening of stool samples. Although in some arenas they are a source of embarrassment and distaste, the value of correctly obtained samples is unquestionable. Patient collaboration with a critical care nurse is integral to obtaining stool samples. ...
Breast-feeding is a key public health target but social and cultural factors are often overlooked when encouraging mothers to choose breast-feeding as their method of infant feeding. Historically, there have always been some mothers who have sought alternatives to breast-feeding. Age, level of education and occupation impact upon a mother's choice, and the sexualization of the female breast can lead to embarrassment when mothers breast-feed outside the home. Fear of damaging their body shape can ...
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to better understand the subjective bothersomeness of stress urinary incontinence symptoms and their impact on the quality of life of community-dwelling women. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a mail survey of 605 women in the United States who reported symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. RESULTS More than three fourths of the respondents reported their symptoms to be bothersome, with approximately 29% reporting their symptoms to be moderately to extreme ...
Epidemiologists are often asked to evaluate product safety or provide information about the history of disease and use of health services. Most of this research is conducted through sponsorship from a governmental or other non-profit agency, or with direct support from a for-profit company with an economic interest in the outcome. Vast amounts of information that are routinely collected for administrative and billing purposes may also be used for research. These data can reveal information about ...
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the attitudes and acceptability of self-administered cervicovaginal sampling compared with conventional physician-acquired Papanicolaou (Pap) smear among multiethnic Malaysian women. METHOD A cross-sectional study was carried out via interviewer-administered surveys from August 2013 through August 2015 at five government-run, urban health clinics in the state of Selangor. Subjects were participants from an ongoing community-based human pap ...
Empathic responding may be elicited by different processes, depending on the available situational and affective cues. We investigated two such processes, perspective-taking and nonverbal mimicry. In Study 1, participants watched an embarrassed or unembarrassed confederate dancing to music while either remaining objective or engaging in perspective-taking. Both manipulations affected empathic embarrassment. Study 2 further examined the effects of targets' embarrassment displays and observers' pr ...
OBJECTIVE Fewer than half of women with urinary incontinence (UI) seek care for their condition. Our objective was to qualitatively assess the themes surrounding treatment-seeking behaviors. METHODS We conducted 12 focus groups with women and, using purposive sampling, we stratified by racial or ethnic group (white, black, Latina) and by UI frequency. All sessions were transcribed and coded for common themes. Comparative thematic analysis was used to describe similarities and differences among ...
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is increasing in Thai youth. Consequently, a school-based National Condom Strategy program was launched in 2015 to reduce the rate of HIV and sexually transmitted infections. We conducted in-depth interviews of 31 parents/adoptive guardians of high-school age Thai boys to explore parents' knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and barriers to promoting condom use and its role in preventing HIV/sexually transmitted infections. A descriptive phenomenological approach a ...
Interest is a powerful motivator; nonetheless, science educators often lack the necessary information to make use of the power of student-specific interests in the reform process of science curricula. This study suggests a novel methodology, which might be helpful in identifying such interests—using children’s self-generated questions as an indication of their scientific interests. In this research, children’s interests were measured by analyzing 1555 science-related questions submitted to ...
  • Shinichiro Fukuhara,
  • International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • 2017
Premature ejaculation (PE) is the most common sexual disorder among men. The prevalence of PE is between 20% and 30%; however, PE is usually underestimated because of a lack of understanding of this condition and the feeling of embarrassment. We have several ways to diagnose PE. Using the definition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders 4th edition, which is a psychological approach, PE was defined as ejaculation with both minimal stimulation and before the patient ...
  • ,
  • Network
  • 1988
The US has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in the developed world, and although there is no consensus on the best solution, promising prevention approaches are being offered. 1 in 10 teenaged girls in the US becomes pregnant each year, and more than 1/2 of these pregnancies end in abortion or miscarriage. In a 1986 survey of US teens aged 12 to 17, 1/3 of the sexually active reported using contraceptives all the time, and 27% said they never used them. 24% of the teens cited embarrassme ...
Despite remarkable progress in our understanding of narcolepsy, the disease continues to cause the sufferer severe negative life effects. Before and after diagnosis, narcoleptics often experience unrelenting severe psychosocial stress. Child and adolescent narcoleptics report embarrassment, academic decline and feelings of loss of self-worth related to the symptoms of their disease. Personality characteristics may be adapted in order to avoid social situations that would precipitate cataplexy or ...
“Partners in Dementia Care” (PDC) tested the effectiveness of a care-coordination program integrating healthcare and community services and supporting veterans with dementia and their caregivers. Delivered via partnerships between Veterans Affairs medical centers and Alzheimer’s Association chapters, PDC targeted both patients and caregivers, distinguishing it from many non-pharmacological interventions. Hypotheses posited PDC would improve five veteran self-reported outcomes: 1) unmet nee ...
BACKGROUND Development of an incisional hernia is one of the most frequent complications of midline laparotomies requiring reoperation. This paper presents the rationale, design, and study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, the aim of which is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prophylactically placing a bioabsorbable synthetic mesh for reinforcement of a midline fascial closure. METHODS The PREBIOUS trial (PREventive midline laparotomy closure with a BIOabsorbable mesh) is a mult ...
Surface anatomy is an integral part of medical education and enables medical students to learn skills for future medical practice. In the past decade, there has been a decline in the teaching of anatomy in the medical curriculum, and this study seeks to assess the attitudes of medical students to participation in surface anatomy classes. Consequently, all first year medical students at the Guy's, King's and St Thomas's Medical School, London, were asked to fill in an anonymous questionnaire at t ...
Since ColoRectal Cancer (CRC) remains the third cause of cancer death in the world, a better understanding of the reasons underlying poor adherence to and delay in undergoing CRC screening programs is important. CRC screening decision-making process can be conceptualized as the relationship between intention and behavior and needs to be investigated including the impact on patients' decision of a broad range of psychological factors and personal predisposition as fear of a positive screening tes ...
Early recognition, assessment, and treatment of social anxiety disorder are criteria to prevent persistent functional impairment in educational and occupational settings and in relationships. Individuals who avoid social settings due to the fear of embarrassment miss out on activities, learning opportunities, and interactions with others. Those who work with children in schools or health care settings are in an ideal position to help those who often don't have a voice. The 2013 updated NICE guid ...
OBJECTIVES Although sex and relationship education (SRE) represents a key strand in policies to safeguard young people and improve their sexual health, it currently lacks statutory status, government guidance is outdated and a third of UK schools has poor-quality SRE. We aimed to investigate whether current provision meets young people's needs. DESIGN Synthesis of qualitative studies of young people's views of their school-based SRE. SETTING Eligible studies originated from the UK, Ireland, ...
The nighttime television series Queer as Folk (U.S.) was set in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, but was filmed in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Beginning with a brief textual analysis of the representation of lesbians on Queer as Folk, this audience reception study outlines how Canadian viewers who claimed a wide range of sexualities interpreted the representations of lesbians on the series in vastly different ways. While some viewers described the lesbian characters, Melanie and Lindsay, as "an embarrass ...
From 6 months of age on this girl experienced frequent episodes of hemiplegia involving both sides of the body and lasting up to 8 days. The attacks were often precipitated by tonic deviation of the head and/or the eyes to one side and nystagmus. At this stage the girl used to cry. Squinting, tonic stiffening of body and extremities, and dystonic posturing also occurred. Autonomic dysfunctions such as paleness of the skin, sweating, respiratory embarrassment, tachycardia, and mydriasis were asso ...
0 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 Time (h) Fig. 1. Effect of the functionalized polymer 5 on the growth of Arthrobacter simplex as a function of time at 27 ~ A polymer 1 (c 20 mg ml1), B polymer 5 (c = 20 mg ml 1), C phenylmercuric nitrate (c 1 gg ml1) ence of polymer 5 with incorporated mercuric functional groups, the number of living cells decreased enormously, comparable to the effect of the monomer. The activities against species like E. coli, Bacillus subtilis, Nematospora coryli, and others were in the same ...
Is subliminal priming able to affect people’s choices and decision-making? The prisoners’ dilemma is a canonical example of a game analyzed that shows why two individuals might not cooperate each other, even if it appears that it is in their best interest to do so. In the regular version of the prisoner's dilemma game, collaboration is dominated by betrayal, and as a result, the only possible outcome of the game is for both prisoners to betray the other. Regardless of what the other prisoner ...
The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of cyber bullying behaviors among South African high school learners (adolescents) and the extent to which learner rights are violated by such behavior. A sample of 346 Grade 11 and 12 high school learners (201 girls and 148 boys) from two provinces, namely, Limpopo and the Free State completed the questionnaire. Results indicated that there are differences in each age group regarding the mode of electronic technology most prevalent for cyb ...
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  • European Journal of Pediatrics
  • 2005
Background. Due to a dramatic increase in the recognition of child abuse, high divorce rate, and custody decisions, there has been increased interest in the child as a witness. This report reviews the role of the paediatrician involved with children in court [1]. The Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health of the American Academy of Pediatrics gives the following recommendations: 1. The paediatrieian i s an important source of support for the child. He should try to keep the ...
www.thelancet.com/respiratory Published online August 14, 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(15)00318-5 1 Nearly 14 years after Al-Qaeda’s Sept 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York City, USA, residents and others exposed to dust from the collapsed buildings continue to suff er and die from respiratory diseases—while eff orts to study the epidemiology of these cases have been hampered by gaps in environmental sampling data, experts tell The Lancet Res ...
  • Barbara E Wolfe,
  • Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN
  • 2005
Medical complications are often the precipitants that lead women with eating disorders to seek health care. Complications can be wide ranging but frequently include symptoms associated with reproductive health. Unfortunately, because of the denial, embarrassment, shame, and secrecy associated with these psychiatric illnesses, the underlying cause of these complications can often go unacknowledged, delaying assessment and intervention. This article provides an overview of anorexia nervosa and bul ...
Facial flushing was studied in 38 young women who scored high or low on trait anger. To induce anger in the subjects, their task was to solve a difficult puzzle, with or without harassment from a female research assistant. Facial blood flow increased in response to provocation, together with increases in cardiovascular and electrodermal activity. Flushing was associated with large increases in electrodermal activity and small increases in diastolic blood pressure. Subjects high in trait anger re ...
BACKGROUND Objective control of intestinal inflammation during inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is becoming the main driver for medical treatment. However, the monitoring tools-related burden remains poorly investigated. We aimed to evaluate their comparative acceptability and utility according to patients with IBD. METHODS After a preliminary phase, the final questionnaire encompassing self-administered and physician questionnaires was prospectively and consecutively submitted to 916 patients ...
  • Richard Ballon Goldbloom,
  • CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne
  • 1999
The indelible memories of my medical undergraduate days include one of a lecture delivered by the late Karl Stern, then professor of psychiatry at McGill. His topic was the role of ritual in preventing anxiety. He began by asking us to recall the silly games we had played as children — avoiding cracks in the sidewalk (“step on a crack, break your mother’s back”) or holding your breath when you passed a graveyard. We laughed with a tinge of embarrassment as we remembered our foolishness. ...
BACKGROUND Acne vulgaris (acne) is a common adolescent skin condition. It is associated with negative psychological impacts and sufferers do not easily seek help, hence is undertreated. OBJECTIVES We investigated the self-reported prevalence, severity and psychological sequelae of acne, together with assessing help-seeking behaviour and its barriers, in separate school and hospital samples. We explored opportunistic treatment by paediatricians. METHODS Self-reported survey with participants ...
Monstrous epithelial cells in seminal vesicles, causing diagnostical embarrassment , occur sometimes in fine needle-aspirates of prostate gland. Their frequency was studied in a group of autopsies (6 boys of the age from 6 hours to 10 years, mean age 3,1 years and 34 adult men of the age from 42 to 91 years, mean age 68,4 years). Monstrous cells did not occur in boys but were found in 73,5% of adults. There were similar epithelial monstrosities in epididymis simultaneously. Most of them were fou ...
OBJECTIVE To gain an understanding of men's experiences of having lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and of bother, a principle determinant of whether a patient has an intervention for LUTS. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data were collected on 75 patients with LUTS presenting to a urology outpatient clinic. Men completed a questionnaire asking about their symptoms, bother, mood and perceptions about LUTS. RESULTS Most participants scored within the normal range for anxiety and depression, and expres ...
We present a series of models that allow beneficial mutations to arise as a consequence of small changes in mutations' selection coefficients. We do this by extending a strictly deleterious shift model into one that incorporates intragenic regions such as introns and exons. The results show that populations segregate and fix a substantial number of beneficial mutations. In these simulations, the percentage is approximately 50%, though the specific number is a function of the population size and ...
The confusion and embarrassment felt by a person discovering a body who has died through sexual asphyxia is likely to be considerable. Attempts may be made to disguise the nature of the death to medical attendants and to investigating police officers. A high level of suspicion and a knowledge of the characteristic findings seen in sexual asphyxia are important for the correct determination of the cause of death. This report describes the death of a 12-year-old boy in the Midlands, UK, in 1977. A ...
Taijin-Kyofu-Sho (TKS) has long been considered as a Japanese culture-bound form of social anxiety disorder, although subsequent case-reports from countries outside Japan have dispelled this notion. There are subtle yet distinct differences between TKS and DSM-defined social anxiety disorder (SAD). For instance, the TKS subject fears causing offence to others, whereas the SAD subject is more fearful of causing embarrassment to him/herself. Four sub-categories of TKS have been recognised of which ...
Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is a cost-effective prevention and control strategy. However, the promotion of CRC screening for older adults may be difficult because reading CRC prevention information may evoke embarrassment, fear, and anxiety towards the screening procedure and cancer diagnosis. This study aims to (1) examine the effects of three promotional materials for CRC screening on the attitudes toward CRC screening tests (screening interest, screening effectiveness, and trust in the ...
OBJECTIVE To develop and to validate a scale assessing perioperative patient's satisfaction with anaesthesia (Evan). STUDY DESIGN Descriptive and evaluative study. PATIENTS The study included 742 adults undergoing a surgical or a diagnostic procedure under general anaesthesia. Emergency, ambulatory and obstetrical cases were excluded. METHODS A multidisciplinary working party produced 85 questions focusing on various pertinent areas describing satisfaction. After a validation, 25 out of th ...
BACKGROUND Acute urinary retention following major joint arthroplasty is common. It does necessitate instrumentation, puts patients at risk of complications, and causes discomfort and embarrassment. The aim of the study was to find a test to help the surgeon to predict the possibility of acute retention of urine. METHODS Male patients admitted for elective major joint arthroplasty filled in an IPSS (International Prostate Symptoms Score) during the pre-operative visit. They were observed post- ...
This case study describes a person with mild-to-moderate stage Alzheimer's disease (AD) and examines the relationship between malignant positioning and the ability of a person with AD to gain the cooperation of healthy persons to construct a valued social identity. Findings reveal that malignant positioning limited the person with AD to the embarrassing social identity of dysfunctional patient; whereas, the absence of such positioning allowed the subject to gain the cooperation from others neces ...
The aim of this article is to examine the Machiavellian beliefs in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related behavioral problems. A sample of 70 Chinese boys aged 8~12 years with ADHD (17 cases have co morbid oppositional defiant disorder, ADHD+ODD) and normal controls were evaluated with Kiddie-Mach scales and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). There were significant differences between patients and controls. Boys with ADHD showed significantly higher Machiavellian bel ...
We write this editorial during Palliative Care Week and at a juncture in health care when a ‘perfect storm’ brews involving escalating healthcare costs, worldwide economic ‘austerity measures’, calls for discussion and action on ‘rationing’ health care and profound ethical disquiet among health professionals about ‘futile’ and almost inhumane treatments and interventions visited on seriously ill older people. As one doctor commented: ‘It feels like we are just playing with thes ...
AMONG ADULT PATIENTS, DISCUSSIONS ABOUT INCONtinence are usually avoided because they evoke feelings of embarrassment, fear, shame, and the loss of independence. Incontinence has been associated with falls, functional decline, nursing home admissions, social isolation, and depressive symptoms, and patients often say, “Incontinence doesn’t kill you, but it takes your life away.” More than a quarter of older women in the United States and other developed countries experience urinary incontin ...
  • ,
  • Annals of internal medicine
  • 2010
M.A.M. Rogers. What is the problem and what is known about it so far? Mistakes are common in medicine. Traditionally, physicians and hospitals have been reluctant to admit mistakes out of embarrassment or because of fear that they might be sued for malpractice. Recently, however, physicians have recognized that mistakes are an opportunity to improve the safety and quality of health care. Since 2001, the University of Michigan Health System (UMHS) has encouraged all its health care workers to rep ...
BACKGROUND Cardiac rehabilitation can be an effective means for the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease, but a majority of eligible individuals fail to attend or drop out prematurely. Little research has examined patients' decisions about attendance. AIMS This paper reports a study examining patients' beliefs and decision-making about cardiac rehabilitation attendance. METHODS A purposive sample of patients from a mixed urban-rural region of Scotland was studied in 2001 using focu ...
FUZHOU, CHINA—China’s new supercomputer, Tianhe-1A, is also the world’s fastest, topping by 47% the current titleholder, the Jaguar XT5 system at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. But while Chinese offi cials are hailing the 2.5-petafl ops supercomputer as an example of indigenous innovation, some Chinese researchers are troubled by another fact: The number of their colleagues able to tap even a thimbleful of the machine’s power is surely minuscule. Tianhe-1A was developed by t ...